All countries and regions in the world have their own individual and unique telephone area codes. The first codes were installed in the late forties and when they were being assigned to countries, they were not provided in a specific way. The most important matter was that each country had a different code to the next.
Telephone area codes are used to show in which country a call is being made to and in which country a call is placed to. All house phones use a telephone line to connect to the network in the area. These ‘landlines’ depend on the telephone area codes to make calls. Most country in the world has a two-digit area code, and others have codes consisting of either one or two digits.
When the first telephone systems came about, switchboard operators in a central office made connections manually using patch cords to connect one phone to another within the area. At this time, when a person wanted to make a phone call they had to use a telephone handset and a ‘wind phone’ to be put through to the central office operator. When this was done a ring alarmed the central office. One of the telephone operator staff then responded to the telephone customer, they plugged patch cords into certain sockets and they help the person make the call by voice.
The early nineties saw a massive rise to the use of cell phones and fax machines that were not only used in the office but in the homes of the majority of the population. Due to the increase in demand more telephone numbers had to be made. Instead of increasing the amount of numbers, it was decided that more area codes would be added. Over three hundred and eighty area codes have been added to the network since the early nineties.